History and Significance

One of the historical landmarks not only in Calamba City but to the entire Philippines is the Rizal Shrine. Its history is very interesting especially the renovations that happened. It signifies our National Hero who is Dr. Jose Rizal and it’s already part of the past Philippine History.

According to Maxtein, in 1848, Rizal’s parents, Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonso, who were originally from Biñan, Laguna, got married and settled in Calamba. The house they built was of the Spanish architectural style of that time and was one of the first stone and hardwood houses in Calamba.  National Historical Institute said that “it was the house that the boy (Rizal) was shaped and molded.”

The house was destroyed during the World War II (Maxtein).  According to Vista Pinas, through the Executive Order no.145 by President Elpidio Quirino with the supervision of National Artist Juan Nakpil, the house was restored. It was later then inaugurated in 1950.

At present, the shrine serves as a museum containing memories of Rizal’s earlier childhood. On the grounds is a statue of the boy Rizal and his pet dog. The lot is also where Rizal’s parents remains were transferred. Visitors can enter the shrine everyday and there’s no entrance fee, but donations are welcome (Maxtein). An average of 270,000 tourists visit the shrine annually. Try to explore it, you could learn a lot while going around Rizal Shrine. (Laguna Travel Guide)


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